The Monarch Reserve (Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve)


Map of Mexico with the preserve highlightedThe Reserve, designated by the United Nations as a World Heritage Site, was created to protect the monarch colonies’ largest and most frequently established overwintering sites. No logging is permitted within the core zone of the Reserve, and only managed cutting is allowed in the buffer zone. However, illegal logging for commercial gain occurs in both areas. Governmental patrols strive to reduce illegal logging, but this is difficult given the isolation, the terrain, the complex local governance, and the economic appeal of timber. Irresponsible tree removal in the core and buffer zones creates ‘holes in the blanket’ subjecting the monarchs to a freezing death during occasional fierce winter storms, such as the mass destruction that occurred in January 2002 that killed a quarter of a billion monarchs.

Some projects have been initiated to reduce the need for foraging wood in the protected zones, e.g., establishing local woodlots and building more fuel-efficient stoves.

The residents have few sources of income and are dependent mainly on subsistence farming and cattle for their existence. Ecologically sound tourism (ecotourism) is providing an increasingly important source of income within and near the Reserve, but it requires a healthy monarch population and an awareness of sound tourism practices that don't increase forest degradation.

 

Lighthawk Reconnaisance Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve

Larva (Caterpillars) Photo by Karen Oberhauser

Milkweed- Photo by Karen Oberhauser

Fall Migration

Spring and Summer Migration

Monarchs Nectaring

Overwintering Monarchs

Monarcca Descansando Vico

Main Reserve - Orientation Map

Helicopter View of Rosario Colony

A View of the Volcanic Peaks

Chincua Aerial

The Refuge Location in Mexico

Massive Clusters of Monarch Butterflies

Rivers of Monarchs

Exploding Cluster

Oyamel Branch Clusters

StormJan2002_MortalityClose.jpg

Col-Chincua(4)

Chapel Crescencio Morales.JPG

Burn Chincua

Campanio Chincua

Campesinos

Cerro Antenas from Donaciano Ojeda

cerro cacicque from top of pelon

Cerro Cacique from Curungueo

Cerro Pelon from Donaciano Ojeda

Community Carpinteros

Community Carpinters b

Deforested Cresencio Morales from Donaciano Ojeda

Deforested Cresencio Morales from Donaciano Ojeda

el paso forest

el paso forest2

elpasofores3

elpasoforest

hand with peas

Iglesia Chincua

Iglesia Ejido Chincua

Img_0066.jpg

Img_0233.jpg

Irrigation Water Donaciano Ojeda.JPG

Img_0280

logging pelon

logging pelon2

logging pelon3

logging pelon4

logging pelon5

monarca_isabel

monarcas.jpg

Mountain Crescencio Morales

Ocampo Cuna de la Mariposa Monarca

pea farming in crescencio morales.JPG

Pine Seedlings Donaciano OjdeaB

Pine seedlings Donaciano Ojeda

Poster PROFEPA

Eggs on New Milkweed in Maryland

Larva (Caterpillars) Photo by Karen Oberhauser
Milkweed- Photo by Karen Oberhauser
Fall Migration
Spring and Summer Migration
Monarchs Nectaring
Overwintering Monarchs
Monarcca Descansando Vico
Main Reserve - Orientation Map
Helicopter View of Rosario Colony
A View of the Volcanic Peaks
Chincua Aerial
The Refuge Location in Mexico
Massive Clusters of Monarch Butterflies
Rivers of Monarchs
Exploding Cluster
Oyamel Branch Clusters
StormJan2002_MortalityClose.jpg
Col-Chincua(4)
Chapel Crescencio Morales.JPG
Burn Chincua
Campanio Chincua
Campesinos
Cerro Antenas from Donaciano Ojeda
cerro cacicque from top of pelon
Cerro Cacique from Curungueo
Cerro Pelon from Donaciano Ojeda
Community Carpinteros
Community Carpinters b
Deforested Cresencio Morales from Donaciano Ojeda
Deforested Cresencio Morales from Donaciano Ojeda
el paso forest
el paso forest2
elpasofores3
elpasoforest
hand with peas
Iglesia Chincua
Iglesia Ejido Chincua
Img_0066.jpg
Img_0233.jpg
Irrigation Water Donaciano Ojeda.JPG
Img_0280
logging pelon
logging pelon2
logging pelon3
logging pelon4
logging pelon5
monarca_isabel
monarcas.jpg
Mountain Crescencio Morales
Ocampo Cuna de la Mariposa Monarca
pea farming in crescencio morales.JPG
Pine Seedlings Donaciano OjdeaB
Pine seedlings Donaciano Ojeda
Poster PROFEPA
Eggs on New Milkweed in Maryland

Campesinos
Cerro Pelon from Donaciano Ojeda
logging pelon
Campanio Chincua
Overwintering Monarchs
Pine Seedlings Donaciano OjdeaB
Deforested Cresencio Morales from Donaciano Ojeda
Burn Chincua
elpasoforest
Oyamel Branch Clusters
Chapel Crescencio Morales.JPG
Img_0066.jpg
Iglesia Ejido Chincua
Eggs on New Milkweed in Maryland
monarcas.jpg
logging pelon3
Mountain Crescencio Morales
Iglesia Chincua
Col-Chincua(4)
logging pelon4
Community Carpinters b
Img_0233.jpg
el paso forest2
Community Carpinteros
A View of the Volcanic Peaks
Spring and Summer Migration
Img_0280
Pine seedlings Donaciano Ojeda
Irrigation Water Donaciano Ojeda.JPG
Poster PROFEPA
Fall Migration
Monarcca Descansando Vico
Deforested Cresencio Morales from Donaciano Ojeda
pea farming in crescencio morales.JPG
Helicopter View of Rosario Colony
Chincua Aerial
monarca_isabel
logging pelon2
Ocampo Cuna de la Mariposa Monarca
elpasofores3
logging pelon5
Exploding Cluster
The Refuge Location in Mexico
hand with peas
Cerro Antenas from Donaciano Ojeda
StormJan2002_MortalityClose.jpg
Massive Clusters of Monarch Butterflies
Milkweed- Photo by Karen Oberhauser
Rivers of Monarchs
cerro cacicque from top of pelon
Larva (Caterpillars) Photo by Karen Oberhauser
el paso forest
Main Reserve - Orientation Map
Cerro Cacique from Curungueo
Monarchs Nectaring